Joel B. Christian, P.E., Ph.D., BCEE
joelbchristian.com

Publications

 

19.       Joel B. Christian , Héctor D. Abruña and M. Stanley Whittingham, “Synthesis and characterization of tungsten oxides and their potential application as catalysts and supports”, in preparation, Journal of Molecular Catalysis A (2015).

18.       Nick Troescher and Joel B. Christian, “Determination of Free Energy of Formation of Aqueous Thiomolybdate Ion, MoS42-(aq)”, in preparation, Hydrometallurgy (2015).

 

17.       Joel B. Christian, Juan R. L. Trasorras, “Aqueous Process Modeling to Determine Free Energy of Formation for Ammonium Paratungstate and Future Process Capabilities”, Proceedings, 18th Plansee Seminar, RM 32, p318 (2013).

16.       Joel B. Christian , M. Stanley Whittingham, “Structural Study of Ammonium Metatungstate”, Journal of Solid State Chemistry 181 (2008) p1782-1791.

15.       Sean P. E. Smith, Joel B. Christian, “Mechanism of the coupled 24-electron reduction and transformations among the blues browns and reds of ammonium metatungstate,” Electrochemica Acta 53 (2008) p2994-3001.

14.       Joel B. Christian, “Tungsten Fuel Cell Catalysts,” Ph.D. Dissertation, SUNY at Binghamton, NY, USA 8.            “Tungsten; Processing and Use” Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design, John J. McKetta, Editor.  Marcel Dekker, Inc.  Volume 59, p109-130.

13.       Joel B. Christian , Sean P. E. Smith, M. Stanley Whittingham and Héctor D. Abruña, “Tungsten Based Electrocatalyst for Fuel Cell Applications”, Electrochemistry Communications, 9 (2007) p2128-2132.

12.       “Simulating Aqueous Processes”  Chemical Engineering Progress, 99(9) (Sept 2003), p32-39.    (2007).

11.       “Use Utility Functions to Select Capital Equipment” reprinted in Nalven, Gail F., editor, Plant Operation and Optimization, American Institute of Chemical Engineers, NY. (1996), p319-321.

10.       “Utility Functions — Decision Making Tools” Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design, John J. McKetta, Editor.  Marcel Dekker, Inc.  Volume 60, p194-205.

9.         Tungsten Carbide; Processing and Use” Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design, John J. McKetta, Editor.  Marcel Dekker, Inc.  Volume 59, p153-162.  

8.         “Tungsten; Processing and Use” Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design, John J. McKetta, Editor.  Marcel Dekker, Inc.  Volume 59, p109-130.

7.         “Thickeners and Clarifiers Design and Operation” Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design, John .J. McKetta, Editor.  Marcel Dekker, Inc.  Volume 58 p61-77 (1996).

6.         “Engineers, Invest Young! — Applying the Principles of Engineering Economics to Your Personal Life”  Chemical Engineering Progress, 91(7) (July 1995), p109-112.   

5.         “Estimate Emissions With a Process Screening Air Model”  Chemical Engineering Progress, 91(6) (June 1995), p59-62.

4.         “Use Utility Functions to Select Capital Equipment”  Chemical Engineering Progress, 91(3) (March 1995), p92-94.

3.         Improve Clarifier and Thickener Design and Operation”  Chemical Engineering Progress, 90(7) (July 1994), p50-56.

2.         “Combine Fault and Event Trees for Safety Analysis”  Chemical Engineering Progress, 93(4) (April 1997), p72-75.

1.         “Computer Simulation of Tungsten Hydrometallurgy”, Proceedings, 10th Annual General Meeting, International Tungsten Industry Association, London (1997).

 

25 proprietary Technical Documents published for OSRAM SYLVANIA, INC. internal use.

 

U.S. Patent 5,120,447 “Method for Removing Heavy Metals from Wastewater” J.B. Christian, June 9, 1992.

U.S. Patent 5,806,206  “Gas distributor for vertical gas/solid reactors” J.B. Christian, Aug 22, 1997.

U.S. Patent 6,551,569 “Supported Tungsten Carbide Catalyst”  Christian et al. (2003)

U.S. Patent 6,656,870  “Tungsten Containing Fuel Cell Catalyst and Method of Making Same” Christian et al., Dec 2, 2003.

U.S. Patent 6,696,184  “Supported Tungsten Carbide Material”  Christian et al. (2004)

U.S. Patent 7,060,648 “Tungsten Containing Fuel Cell Catalyst and Method of Making Same” Christian et al., (2006).

U.S. Patent 7,727,927,” Method of making tungsten-containing fuel cell catalyst” Christian et al., (2010).

Presentations and Invited Talks

 “Non-noble Catalysts and Materials”, Basic Energy Sciences DOE Workshop, May 13-15, 2003, Rockville, MD. 

“Next Generation Electrocatalysts”, Gordon Research Conference – Fuel Cells,  July 2004, Roger Williams University, Bristol, RI. 

“Tungsten Fuel Cell Catalysts”, (Paper A9.18) Materials Research Society Annual Meeting, Dec. 1, 2005, Boston, MA. 

J. Christian et al., “Tungsten Cathode Catalyst for PEM Cells”, 2006 DOE Hydrogen, Fuel Cells Infrastructure Technologies Program Review, May 17, 2006, Arlington, VA. 

“XRD Characterization of the Thermal Decomposition Products of Ammonium Metatungstate”, 34th Northeast Regional Meeting (NERM), American Chemical Society, October 5-7, 2006, Binghamton, NY.

“Rare Earth Metals”, PowderMet 2013, June 24, 2013, Chicago, IL.